Some Key Terms and Passages in Gen. 1-3

To Compare with Hyp Arch 


Some Key Terms in Genesis 1-3


Hebrew                       Greek                                      English                                   

ruach                           pneuma                                   wind, spirit, breath


ha-’adam                    ho anthropos                           human being


adam                           anthropos or Adam                 human being or Adam

(without article)


ha-’adamah                he ge                                        earth


ha-’ish                         ho aner                                    man (male human being; gender specific sense)

                                    (pl: andres)                             husband


ha-’ishshah                 he gyne                                    woman (female human being)

                                    (pl: gynaikes)                          wife



Genesis 1:1-4: When God (H: Elohim; Gk: ho theos) began to create the heavens and the earth - the earth being unformed and void, with darkness over the surface of the deep and a wind (spirit, breath; H: ruach [f.]; G: pneuma [n.]) from God sweeping over the waters -  God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness.


HypArch 94,2-34:  And the great angel Eleleth, Understanding, spoke to me [Norea]: “Within limitless aeons dwells Incorruptibility. Sophia, who is called Pistis, wished to create something, alone without her consort; and her product (work) became celestial images. A veil exists between the Things Above and the Aeons below; and shadow came into being beneath the veil; and that shadow became matter; and that shadow was cast apart. And that which she had made became a product in the matter, like a miscarriage. And it took (its) pattern from the shadow, and became an arrogant beast resembling a lion.” It was androgynous, as I have already said, because it was from matter that it came forth. He opened his eyes and saw a great (quantity of) matter without limit; and he became arrogant, saying, ‘It is I who am god, and there is none other apart from me.’ When he said this, he sinned against the Entirety. And a voice came forth from above (the realm of) authority, saying, ‘You are mistaken, Samael’--which is, ‘god of the blind.’ And he said, ‘If any other thing exists before me, let it become manifest to me!’ And immediately Sophia stretched forth her finger and she put Light into matter; and she pursued it down to the regions of chaos. And she returned up [to] her light; again darkness [ . . .] matter.   


Genesis 1:6-8: And God said, "Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters." So God made the dome and separated the waters that were under the dome from the waters that were above the dome. And it was so. And God called the dome Sky. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.


 HypArch 87,4-20: His thoughts became blind. He cast out his power, that is, the blasphemy he had spoken. He pursued it down to chaos and the abyss, his mother, through Pistis Sophia. And she established his offspring, each one according to its power--after the pattern of the Aeons that are above, for from the Invisible were visible things invented.  As Incorruptibility looked down into the regions of the waters, her image appeared in the waters; and the authorities of darkness became enamored of her. But they could not lay hold of that image, which had appeared to them in the waters, because of their weakness--for “those of soul cannot lay hold of spiritual ones (m/pneumatikos)”[1]--for they were from below, but it (the image) was from above.   


Genesis 1:26-27. 26 Then God (Elohim) said, “Let us make humankind (H: ha-’adham; G: ton anthropon [anthropos]) in our image (H: be zelem-nu, G: kat’eikona [eikon]) according to our likeness (G: kath’homoiosin); and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the wild animals of the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.” 27 So God created humankind (H: ha-’adham; G: ton anthropon) in [God’s] image, in the image of God (G: kat’ eikona theou) [God] created them;  male and female (H: zakar we-neqebah; G: arsen kai thelu) [God] created them.

HypArch 87,20-27: Because of this, Incorruptibility looked down into the regions so that by the will of the Father, she might conjoin the entirety with the light. The rulers (archons) conspired and said, “Come, let us create a human being [Gen. 1:26] of some soil from the earth [Gen 2:7].” They modeled their creature as one wholly of the earth.  [87,20-27]


Genesis 2:4b-7.  When the Lord God (YHWH Elohim; ) made the earth and the heavens - when no shrub of the field was yet on earth and no grasses of the field had yet sprouted, because the Lord God had not sent rain upon the earth and there was no human being (H: adam; G: anthropos) to till the soil, but a stream would well up from the ground and water the whole surface of the earth, then the Lord God formed (modelled, Gk: plassein) a human being (ha-adham; ton anthropon) from the dust of the ground (H: min ha-adamah; G: choun apo tes ges)), and breathed into [his] nostrils the breath of life (Gk: (pnoen zoes); and the human being became a living being (Greek: a living soul - psyche zosan). 

HypArch 87,33-88,18:  Now the rulers . . . had taken [some soil] from the earth and modeled their [human being], according to their body and [according to the image] of the god that had appeared [to them] in the waters. They said, “[Come, let] us lay hold of it with our modeled form, [so that] it may see its counterpart (m.) [ . . . ], and we may grasp it with our modeled form”--not understanding the power of God  because of their powerlessness. And he breathed into his face; and the human being came to be soul [psyche] (and remained) upon the earth many days. But they could not make him arise because of their powerlessness. Like storm winds they persisted, that they might try to capture that image, which had appeared to them in the waters.  And they did not know the identity of its power. Now all these things came to pass by the will of the Father of the Entirety. Afterwards, the Spirit saw the human being of soul upon the earth. And the Spirit came forth from the adamantine earth; it descended and came to dwell within him, and that human being became a living soul. It called his name Adam since he was found moving upon the earth.


Genesis 2:15-17:  The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to till it and keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, "You may freely eat of every tree of the garden; but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall die."


HypArch 88,24-89,3: They took Adam [and] put him in the garden, that he might cultivate [it] and keep watch over it. And the rulers commanded him, saying, “From [every] tree in the garden you (sg.) shall eat;  but [from] the tree of knowing good and evil do not eat, nor [touch] it; for the day you (pl.) eat [from] it, with death you (pl.) will die.”  They [ . . . ] this. They do not know what [they have said] to him. Rather, by the will of the Father they said this in this way so that he might eat and so that Adam might <not> regard them as would one entirely of matter.


Genesis 2:18-20:  Then the LORD God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper as his partner." So out of the ground the LORD God formed every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. The man gave names to all cattle, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for the man there was not found a helper as his partner.


HypArch 88,18-24: A voice came forth from Incorruptibility for the assistance of Adam. And the rulers gathered together all the animals of the earth and all the birds of heaven. They brought them to Adam to see what Adam would call them, that he might give a name to each of the birds and all of the beasts.   [notice change of sequence above].


Genesis 2:18; 21-22. 18 Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the human being (anthropos) (NRSV: the man) should be alone; I will make him a helper (boethon) [NRSV: as his partner]. . .  . 21  So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man/Adam  (ha-adam; ton Adam),[2] and he slept; then he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. 22 And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man/Adam he made into a woman and brought her to the man.

HypArch 89,3-11: The rulers took counsel with one another and said, “Come, let us bring sleep upon Adam.” And he slept. --But the sleep that they “brought upon him and he slept” is ignorance. They opened his side like a living woman. And they built up his side with some flesh in her place, and Adam came to be entirely of soul (mpsychikos).


Genesis 2:23: 23  Then the man (ha-adam; Adam) said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; this one shall be called woman (‘ishshah; gyne), for out of man (ish; ek tou andros [aner]) this one was taken.”[3]

HypArch 89,11-17:  And the Spiritual Woman (t-shime m/pneumatike) came to him and spoke with him, saying, “Arise, Adam.” And when he saw her, he said, “It is you who have given me life; you will be called ‘Mother of the Living.’ --For it is she who is my Mother. It is She who is the Physician and the Woman and She who has given birth.”  [Notice the insertion of Adam’s speech from Gen. 3:20-21 rather than from Gen. 2:23 at this point in the narrative].


Genesis 3:20-21. 20 The human/Adam named his wife Eve (H: Havah; G: Zoe), because she was the mother of all living (G: meter panton ton zonton). 21 And the Lord God made garments of skins for the human and his wife and clothed them.


HypArch 89,17-31:  Then the authorities came up to their Adam. And when they saw his counterpart (f.) speaking with him, they became disturbed in a great disturbance; and they became enamored of her. They said to one another, “Come, let us sow our seed (pn/sperma) in her,” and they pursued her. And she laughed at them for their senselessness and their blindness. And in their clutches, she became a tree, and she left her shadow resembling herself before them; and they defiled [it] foully.-- And they defiled the impression of her voice, so that they made themselves liable to condemnation by their modeled form and [their] image . 


Genesis 3:1-7. Now the serpent was the shrewdest of all the wild beasts that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God say, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” The woman replied to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the other trees in the garden. It is only about fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden that God said: ‘You shall not eat of it or touch it, lest you die.’” And the serpent said to the woman, “You are not going to die; for God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened and you will be like divine beings (or: God) knowing good and evil.” When the woman saw that the tree was good for eating and a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to desirable as a source of wisdom, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave some to her husband (ish, aner), and he ate. Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.

HypArch 89,31-90,19:  Then the Spiritual One  (f., T-pneumatike) came [in] the snake, the Instructor; and it instructed [them], saying, “What did he [say to] you (pl.)? Was it, ‘From every tree in the garden you (sg.) shall eat; but from [the tree] of knowing evil and good do not eat’?” The fleshly woman (tshime n/sarkike) said, “Not only did he say ‘Do not eat,’ but even ‘Do not touch it; for the day you (pl.) eat from it, with death you (pl.) are going to die.’” And the snake, the Instructor, said, “With death you (pl.) shall not die; for it was out of jealousy that he said this to you (pl.). Rather your (pl.) eyes shall open and you (pl.) shall become like gods, knowing evil and good.” And the Instructor  was taken away from the snake, and she left it merely a thing of the earth. And the fleshly woman took from the tree and ate; and she gave to her husband and herself; and the ones of soul (am-psychikos) ate. And their deficiency showed forth in their ignorance; and they recognized that they were naked of the Spiritual (a-pneumatikon), and they took fig leaves and bound them upon their loins.


Genesis 3:8-15: They heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden at the time of the evening breeze, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. But the LORD God called to the man, and said to him, "Where are you?" He said, "I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself." He said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?" The man said, "The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit from the tree, and I ate." Then the LORD God said to the woman, "What is this that you have done?" The woman said, "The serpent tricked me, and I ate." The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, cursed are you among all animals, and among all wild creatures; upon your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel."


HypArch 90,19-91,3: Then the great ruler came; and he said, “Adam! Where are you?”--for he did not know what had happened.  And Adam said, “I heard your voice and was afraid because I was naked; and I hid.” The ruler said, “Why did you (sg.) hide, unless it is because you (sg.) ate from the tree from which alone I commanded you not to eat? And you ate!”  Adam said, “The woman that you gave me, [she gave] to me and I ate.” And the arrogant ruler cursed the woman. The woman said, “It was the snake that led me astray and I ate.” [They turned] to the snake and cursed its shadow, [. . .] powerless, not knowing [that] it was their modeled form. From that day, the snake came to be under the curse of the authorities; until the Perfect Human Being was to come, that curse fell upon the snake.


Genesis 3:16-21: 16 To the woman (gyne) [God] said, “I will greatly increase your pangs (tas lupas) in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire (he apostrophe sou) shall be for your husband (ton andra sou [aner]), and he shall rule (kyrieusei) over you.” 17  To Adam [God] said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife (tes phones tes gynaikos sou), and have eaten of the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18 thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. 19 By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” 20 The human/Adam (H: ha-adam; G: Adam, without article) named his wife Eve (H: Havah; G: Zoe), because she was the mother of all living (G: meter panton ton zonton). 21 And the Lord God made garments of skins for the human and his wife and clothed them.


HypArch 91,3-11: They turned to their Adam and took him and cast him out of the garden along with his wife; for they have no blessing, since they too are beneath the curse. And they cast humankind into great distraction and into difficulty, so that their humankind might become occupied with the things of earthly life and might not become devoted to the Holy Spirit.



[1]Compare 1 Cor 2:14: “But the soul-endowed human being does not receive the things of the spirit of God (yuciko;" de; a[nqrwpo" ouj devcetai ta; tou' pneuvmato" tou' qeou').”

[2] ho Adam first appears in the Greek text (LXX) at Gen. 2:16. ho Adam, the Greek transliteration of the Hebrew ha-adam, thereafter replaces ho anthropos in the Greek translation. Thus the human being becomes a [male?] human being, or man, with a proper name: Adam. In the Hebrew text, adam continues to appear with the article (ha-adam), as in Gen. 1:26-27 and throughout the Gen. 2-3 narrative. While Adam has a proper name from Gen. 2:16 in the Greek translation, the woman (ha-ishsha; he gyne) doesn’t receive a proper name in either version until Gen. 3:20, when ha/adam or Adam names her: H:  Havah; Gk: Zoe).

[3] Gen. 2:22-23 marks the first appearance of the gender-specific nouns woman (ishsha; gyne and ‘man’ (ish; aner).